2. The weight of a big male Amur tiger may exceed 300 kilograms.
3. “Ussury tiger”, “Siberian Tiger” – these are the synonyms of “Amur tiger.”
4. Amur tiger is the only subspecies of tiger that learned to live in the snow.
5. Tigers in general (all species) live exclusively in Asia.
Running Amur tiger
6. In Russia Amur tiger lives in the Far East: in the Primorsky and Khabarovsk regions (regions of Siberia).
7. Tigers, more precisely their cubs, climb trees until they are two years old.
8. Tigers roar only during the mating season.
9. When a tiger hunts or it’s angry, it rumbles in a muffled way.
10. Tigers can purr when they are happy.
11. Tigers shed 2 times a year – in March and September.
12. Stripes on the body of a tiger are unique for each tiger – like fingerprints for humans.
13. Amur tiger has a thicker, longer and fluffier fur, and its fur is lighter in color than other tigers.
14. Adult tigers have their own territory, which they fiercely protect.
15. The territory of a male tiger can take up to 100 square kilometers, and sometimes up to 500 square kilometers.
16. The territory of a female tiger is much smaller – around 20 square kilometers.
17. Male allows females to live on his territory.
18. Typically, there are 2-4 female tigers on the male’s territory.
19. Male and females can share their prey with each other.
20. Amur tiger feeds mainly on deer, spotted deer, wild boar, roe deer and musk deer.
21. Amur tiger can also eat not typical for it animals such as elk, pheasant, hare and even fish.
22. In rare cases, the Amur tiger can prey on livestock and pets – dogs, cats.
23. Amur tigers can also attack brown bears.
24. Amur tiger is at the top of the food pyramid.
25. Large males of Amur tiger after prolonged hunger can eat up to 30-50 kilograms of meat.
26. Amur tigers hunt alone.
27. Amur tigers mainly hunt in the morning, or when it is dark.
28. Amur tiger has 2 hunting methods: stalking (usually in winter) and ambush by animal trails or by a pond (in the summer).
29. Tiger can reach speeds of up to 60 kilometers per hour, including on the snow.
30. The length of Amur tiger fangs can be up to 8 centimeters.
31. Amur tiger can jump to a height of up 5 meters and a length of up to 10 meters.
32. Hunting for tiger is not an instinctive behavior – it learns it from its mother.
33. Adult Amur tiger can run while holding a 100-kilogram prey in his mouth.
34. Amur tiger is the rarest species of tiger living in the wild.
35. Amur tiger population according to various estimates is ranging from 450 to 550 individuals.
36. The two main threats to the endangerment of the Amur tiger – human activities that displace it from its traditional places of habitat, and poaching – for its fur, and the use of tiger organs in Chinese medicine.
37. In Russia there is criminal responsibility for killing a tiger or selling it.
38. In Russia, starting in 2000, every year the “Day of tiger” is celebrated.
39. Tiger is polygamous.
40. Tiger mating season lasts only two or three days.
41. Tigress gives birth usually once every 2-3 years.
42. The litter usually has 2-4 tiger cubs.
Amur tiger cub
43. Tiger cubs are born blind and helpless.
44. Only tigress takes part in educating the cubs.
45. Tigers are ready for an independent life at 1.5 years old, but may remain with their mother for up to 5 years.
46. Tigers live can live up to 26 years, in zoos – up to 20 years, in the wild – usually 10 to 15 years.
47. Tiger is a very secretive animal. It is absolutely unreal for an unprofessional person to see a tiger in the wild, and for a professional researcher – a rare luck.
48. You can see an Amur tiger … in the zoo, for example, in the Moscow zoo.
49. Amur (partially) white tiger Tony is a common ancestor of almost all white tigers in the zoos of North America.
50. Popular in zoos, specially bred white tigers would die of starvation in the wild because they wouldn’t be able to quietly get to the prey.