Statistics of labor migration to Russia shows that every year the number of people coming to work to Russia from the CIS and foreign countries is growing steadily.
Mass Migration to Russia from the Neighboring Countries
Obviously, the biggest contribution to labor migration comes from the countries nearest to Russia geographically. For the first 6 months of 2014, according to the Russian Federal Migration Service, more than 4.5 million people have undergone the migration registration, which isone million more people than for the corresponding period of 2013. But these figures still do not reflect the actual number of migrant workers in Russia.
The top three countries are Uzbekistan, Ukraine and Tajikistan.
Leading countries, by the number of citizens living in Russia – near abroad countries (according to the data of the Russian Federal Migration Service as of August 2014)
A large number of vacancies that do not require professional qualifications or with low skill levels, but still well paid, provide a steady flow of labor migrants into Russia from the countries of near abroad. Most migrant workers are working in such areas as construction, manufacturing, commerce and services.
Migrant workers provide cash receivables to their economies of up to 40% of their countries GDP. Tightening of migration legislation in Russia, or even closing the borders of Russia for labor migrants from specific countries can cause the collapse of the economy of these countries.
If the near abroad supplies Russia with workers of lower specialties, the situation is different with other foreign countries whose nationals take up vacancies that require higher qualifications.
Migration to Russia from Otherforeign Countries
Migrants from other foreign countries go for highly qualified positions. A job in Russia allows them to get a higher salary and provides a more rapid career growth. Most often for jobs in Russia are looking the citizens of such countries as Germany, the USA and the UK.
Leading countries, by the number of citizens living in Russia – foreign countries (according to the data of the Russian Federal Migration Service as of August 2014).
Illegal Immigration to Russia
According to some estimates, the number of illegal immigrants in Russia is around 3.5 to 5 million people.
During the first 6 months of 2014, according to the FMS of Russia, more than 62 thousand people were forcibly deported, and at the same time more than 1.1 million reports of violations of immigration law were filed.
According to the mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin, more than 80% of the total number of employed immigrants in Moscow, which became the most attractive region for labor migration, are illegal migrants.
Russian President Vladimir Putin thinks that those migrants, who have violated the immigration laws of Russia, should be forbidden from reentering the country for up to 10 years.
Russia is the largest employer in Europe and Asia, and it is an attractive country for candidates from America and Australia.
To discover Russia with Alexey Gureev