Khabarovsk, Russia

Khabarovsk is the center of the Russian Far East.

About century and a half ago the territory of modern Khabarovsk was a matter of disagreement between Russia and China. Under the Treaty of Aigun (1858), the left bank of the Amur River from the Argun River up to its creek was ceded to Russia. Two years later Russia and China concluded a trade treaty in Beijing. This treaty helped to enhance trade with China and served as a momentum for further development of the village, which was founded in 1858.

Some years later this village was named Khabarovsk.

Nowadays Khabarovsk is only 30 km from the Chinese border.

Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk

About the Amur River

Khabarovsk is located on one of the greatest rivers in the world, the Amur River. The Amur River is an important water-carrying way of Russia.

Points of interest in Khabarovsk

Khabarovsk Russia

Khabarovsk

The Amur bridge

Perhaps, the image of the bridge is familiar to all Russians. That is not surprising since this bridge is depicted on one of the Russian banknotes with the biggest nominal value of 5 000 rubles.

The bridge is a part of the Trans-Siberian Railway. At the time of construction (1916) it was the largest railway bridge in the Old World. The construction of the bridge finished the building of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the longest railway in the world. At the World Exposition (France 1908) the Amur Bridge Project won the gold medal.

The length of the bridge is 2600 meters (8530 ft), its width is 25 meters (82 ft), and its height is 64 meters (210 ft). The length of eighteen bridge spans is 130 meters (427 ft) each.

The Grado-Khabarovsk Cathedral of the Assumption of the Mother of God

This cathedral, which is 60 meters (197 ft) tall, was rebuilt on the exact place where the Bolsheviks demolished the old one. Although original architectural tendencies have been preserved, the modern cathedral can be distinguished from traditional Orthodox churches in Russia.

The cathedral amazes people by its aerial architecture. It is crowned with onion domes made from titanium with gold sputtering.

The Grado-Khabarovsk Cathedral of the Assumption of the Mother of God

The Grado-Khabarovsk Cathedral of the Assumption of the Mother of God

The Transfiguration Cathedral

A magnificent cathedral is situated on the steep bank of the Amur River, with the height of its domes being 83 meters (272 ft). Its architecture has common features with the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow.

The Transfiguration Cathedral

The Transfiguration Cathedral

The Amur cliff in Khabarovsk

According to a common belief, Siberian troops led by Yakov Diachenko landed there in the middle of taiga in 1858. A rocky cliff rising over the outskirts drew the attention of the Russian captain. There, on that cliff, the history of Khabarovsk started.

The cliff and the monument to Muravyov-Amursky

The cliff and the monument to Muravyov-Amursky

There is also the monument to Nikolay Myravyov-Amursky. He was the Governor General of Eastern Siberia in the Russian Empire. Thanks to his diplomatic efforts, the Treaty of Aigun was concluded.

Pedestrian tour across Khabarovsk

It is always a pleasure to walk along nice streets in the city center and admire the architecture of the decline of the Russian Empire and the rise of the Soviet Constructionism. You should definitely walk along the embankment of one of the longest rivers not only in Russia but in the whole world. You can also take an hour-long excursion on a motor ship down the Amur River.

If you have enough time, you should visit numerous museums of Khabarovsk, art galleries and many other city attractions.

The house of Public Meeting in Khabarovsk

The house of Public Meeting in Khabarovsk. It is currently the Theater for Young People

The Plyusins’ trading house. It is currently the library of Khabarovsk Krai

The Plyusins’ trading house. It is currently the library of Khabarovsk Krai

The underground city

According to a legend, there are several tunnels and underpasses, which connect some buildings. Other people say that there is a bigger branched network of underpasses. But till today no one has managed to show at least one photo of the tunnel. However, there is one unique underground construction near Khabarovsk:

The railway tunnel under the Amur River

The tunnel under the Amur River is considered to be one and only underwater railway line in Russia. Its length is 7198 meters (4.5 mi). The tunnel was built in record-breaking four years and it was opened in 1941 soon after the Nazis attacked the USSR.

In the 30s of the XX century the tunnel was needed because of a growing amount of transportation from the Central region to the Far East. However, people point out more mundane reasons. The threat of war with Japan made the Amur bridge very vulnerable. In case of its loss, the Far East was threatened to be cut off from the state center.

Initially, the tunnel was a covert facility. Since 1960 a one-way tunnel was used for freight trains, later it was opened for passenger trains (the traffic direction was from the Russian east to its west).

Khabarovsk is not only the most livable city of Russia (top 1 in different years), but also the most expensive one. 

Photos by Elena Petrova

Comments

Leave a Reply

We are glad to discover Russia together with you!

We put our heart into the project. Join us on Facebook or Twitter: