For the first time Rostov is mentioned in chronicles in 862. At that time it was an important ancient Russian city like Novgorod and Kiev. Pretty soon Rostov got the name «the Great», it became the center of the Rostov Principality.
A lot of famous Russian names are connected with this city. In 991 Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovitch (the Great) was baptizing the local population in the lake Nero. Yaroslav the Wise, Konstantin Vsevolodovich Wise, Yuri Dolgoruky, Andrei Bogolyubsky, Vasilko Konstantinovich and other princes were the rulers of Rostov.
However, at the end of XV century, Rostov lost its political independence and became a part of the Moscow Principality. Despite this fact, Rostov was a major religious center and the residence of the Metropolitan.
Rostov the Great played an important role in foundation such famous Russian cities and towns as Moscow, Yaroslavl, Pereslavl, Suzdal, Vladimir, Belozersk.
Sights of Rostov the Great
The Metropolitan Court (the Rostov Kremlin)
The main attraction of Rostov the Great is the Metropolitan court or the Rostov Kremlin. The Rostov Kremlin is well-known to Russians and all over the world thanks to one of the most famous and favorite Soviet science fiction comedy films directed by Leonid Gaidai in 1973 “Ivan Vasilievich: Back to the Future” (“Ivan Vasilievich Changes Profession”).
No doubt, the Rostov Kremlin is one of the most beautiful Kremlins in Russia.
The construction was erected in 1670-1683 as the residence of the Metropolitan. Its structure looks like a Kremlin, hence it got the name “Rostov Kremlin”, although architects of the Kremlin were not planned to use it for defense. The walls and numerous very beautiful towers of the Rostov Kremlin are only for decoration.
The towers of the Rostov Kremlin
The Assumption Cathedral on the territory of the Rostov Kremlin. The first building of the Cathedral was erected in 991. The Cathedral was rebuilt several times. Today the Cathedral has a face of the XVI century (1508-1512)
In Russia people always loved the peal. But the peal in Rostov the Great is an unique cultural phenomenon. The Rostov peal is ancient melodies that skilled bell ringers played on the 13 bells of the belfry of the Assumption Cathedral. If you visit the city – listen to the peal for sure!! It is interesting that the largest bell is called Sysoy. Its weight is 2,000 pounds ( 32 tons).
The courtyard of the Rostov Kremlin, the belfry of the Assumption Cathedral
The Spaso-Yakovlevsky monastery
The monastery was founded in the XIV century. It is interestingthat the monastery for a long time has been subordinated directly to the Patriarch. Inside the Conception Church in the Spaso-Yakovlevsky Monastery (Rostov Veliky, Russia) there are frescoes, painted in 1689-1690.
On the territory of Rostov you can also visit:
- Avraamiev-Bogoyavlensky monastery is the oldest monastery in the North-East of Russia, built in the XI century, but, unfortunately, it was almost completely destroyed during the Polish intervention.
- The Varnitsky Holy Trinity Monastery (in the vicinity of Rostov the Great). The monastery was founded in 1427 – after the discovery of the relics of St. Sergius of Radonezh – on the very spot of the house of St. Sergius.
Welcome to Rostov the Great!
To discover Russia with Alexey Gureev