In 1221 the Russian Prince Yuri Dolgoruky laid a new city in the mouth of the Oka River where it flows into the river Volga – Novgorod.
1. Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin and Church of the Nativity
First structures of the Novgorod Kremlin – a wooden dungeon – appeared simultaneously with laying the city. Novgorod Kremlin walls were designed to protect the residents from enemy attacks.
Novgorod Kremlin changed its appearance three times, from wooden to stone, then to a brick. With the growth of the city, Novgorod Kremlingrew as well.
Strolling along the brick walls you can almost hear screams of Tatars attacking the city, clanking of their curved sabers, flowing stream of arrows from the walls of the besieged Novgorod Kremlin.
2. Chkalov Staircase
The mayor of the city, Alexander Shul’pin in 1939 planned to build a unique staircase of 560 steps. But the project was only realized only after the end of World War II.
Chkalov staircase connects the city center with the Volga quay.
Going down with two giant rings from the upper part of the city to the Volga quay, the staircase forms an infinity sign, as if symbolizing the inviolability of Novgorod.
At the head of the staircase there is a monument to a Russian pilot, Valery Chkalov, who completed the first non-stop flight from the USSR to the United States via the North Pole, in whose honor the staircase was named.
From observation decks of the staircase you can admire stunning views of the city and the Volga.
Two Russian rivers – the Volga and the Oka – merge at a place where Nizhny Novgorod was founded. At the point of their convergence, on a triangular cape, Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was built. Amazing view of the Cathedral from the walls of Novgorod Kremlin, lookout decks of Chkalov staircase and ships sailing by.
4. Pechersky Ascension Monastery
On the picturesque right bank of the Volga River there is a male Pechersky Ascension Monastery. It has no architectural pretentiousness. Its bare dazzlingly white walls, crowned with emerald domes perfectly fit into the riverside landscape.
5. Church of the Nativity (Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary)
The church was built on the funds of one of the richest industrialists of the time Grigory Stroganov. In total, the Stroganov dynasty built 5 churches in Russia, designed in the same style that is called “Stroganov baroque”. Stroganov style has monumentality and a lot of bright decorative elements. Stroganov Church is one of the most interesting landmarks of the ancient city.