Cities in Siberia began to appear on the decrees of the Russian tsars. Gradually the cities that were established in places with beneficial defense, trade and industry characteristics began to grow.
Leaders among the cities of Siberia in terms of population, the growth of which was supported mainly by economic factors, changed in every period in accordance with changing economic and geopolitical interests of Russia.
Particular influence on the development of the cities was made by the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway (1890s).
In the 20th century to the factors influencing the growth of the Siberian cities, were added discovery of new mineral deposits and new productions, as well as the opening of research centers.
1. Novosibirsk – the Biggest City in Siberia
Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia – 1,548 thousand people (2014).
The city was founded not that long ago – in 1893.
In Novosibirsk there is the famous Akademgorodok of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which is comprised of more than three dozen scientific and educational institutions.
Must see in Novosibirsk:
It is the symbol of Novosibirsk and the biggest theater in Russia.
The construction began in 1931. In 1937, an amended plan of the theater was awarded the Grand Prix at the exhibition in Paris.
Novosibirsk Opera and Ballet Theatre
Novosibirsk subway is not that big compared to Moscow or St. Petersburg subway, but it is interesting. Station “Sibirskaya” has unique mosaics of stone with sketches of the lives of the indigenous people of Siberia. At the station “Rechnoi vokzal” there are ten unique stained-glass windows, and each of them is dedicated to one of the Siberian cities: Novosibirsk, Barnaul, Biysk, Tomsk, Tobolsk, and others.
Subway in Novosibirsk is located on opposite shores of the Ob River. The subway bridge connecting the shores is the longest subway bridge in the world.
Novosibirsk zoo is one of the largest in Russia. There, you can see a liger (a hybrid of a lion and a tiger, surpassing the size of its parents) and a Caucasian leopard (the only members of the species found in the zoo).
Pushkin State Library, Omsk – city of Siberia. By Yuriy Lapitskiy (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
Omsk is the second most populous city among the biggest cities of Siberia – 1,166,092 people (2014).
First Omsk fortress on the shores of the Irtysh River was founded in 1716.
Omsk is the only city in Siberia that had the right to raise the National Flag of the Russian Empire (together with Moscow, St. Petersburg, Warsaw, Helsinki and Tiflis).
Must see in Omsk:
The plan of the cathedral was done based on the project of St. Petersburg Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood. The architectural solution of the Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood was reworked. Construction of the cathedral began in the late 19thcentury, and the first stone of the cathedral was laid by the crown prince Nicholas (future Russian Emperor Nicholas II).
In 1935, at the suggestion of People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs, in the fight against religion, the building was blown up. Bricks from the cathedral were going to be used for the new building of the PCIA, but they were not suitable.
In 2005-2007, the cathedral was rebuilt.
Tara gates are one of the four gates of the Omsk fortress. They were built in 1792 on the northern fortress line. The gates led to the Steppe bastion of the Omsk fortress that housed apenal jail. Every day through these gates passed a very famous around the world today exile – Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky.