4. The Bronze Horseman
The Bronze Horseman is a bronze statue of Peter the Great, it is one of the most famous monuments in Europe. This monument is a symbol of St. Petersburg, serves as a symbol of the city. It is also the name of a narrative poem written by Aleksander Pushkin about the statue in 1833, considered to be one of the most great works of Russian literature. The statue became known as the Bronze Horseman because of the poem’s great success.
The sculpture was commissioned by Catherine the Great, the sculpture was created by the French sculptor Etienne Maurice Falconet. The French philosopher Denis Diderot is best known for the Encyclopedie. Catherine the Great and Denis Diderot were friends and the philosopher gave an advice to invite Etienne Maurice Falconet. The sculptor and Russian teemers created a real masterpiece.
The statue shows Peter the Great sitting on his horse, his outstretched arm pointing towards the River Neva in the west.
5. Hermitage Museum
The state Hermitage is one of the largest museums in the world. It is believed that the number of exhibits in the Hermitage is approximately 3 million. The Museum is located in several buildings.
In the Hermitage you can see archaeological artifacts, sculpture, paintings, graphics and other items representing cultural and historical value.
The collection of paintings has canvases by such masters as Raphael and Titian Vecellio, Leonardo da Vinci and Giorgione, Robert Campin and El Greco, Peter Paul Rubens and van Dyck, Harmensz van Rijn Rembrandt, Paul Cezanne, Paul Gauguin, van Gogh, Henri Matisse etc.
The Hermitage collection impress you not only with the number of exhibits, but the number of the real masterpieces as well.
In fact, until the beginning of XX century the access of citizens to the Hermitage was very limited.
It is believed that the Hermitage collection was born in the reign of Catherine II, when the Empress bought a significant collection of paintings by Dutch and Flemish masters. The Collection was replenished with large private collections too. The number of exhibits in the Hermitage increased much after 1917, when many of the most famous private collections were nationalized.
Unfortunately, for a couple of days it is impossible to see even the main gems of the collection in the Hermitage in St. Petersburg. You will have to choose only the most interesting artists for you. But in this case you will have a good reason to come back and see other masterpieces in the Hermitage.
To discover Russia with Alexey Gureev
pic: фотобанк Лори