How many people there are in Russia? Nowadays the country has a population of 146.3 million people.

Russia is the largest country in the world by far, and population-wise it also hits top 10 most populous countries.

How many people there are in Russia: comparison with other countries

The chart below presents the comparison of populations of Russia and other countries, including Indonesia, the United States and the United Kingdom (in millions).


How many people there are in Russia: comparison with different historic periods

Here the population of Russia is shown in millions during different historic periods.
The first two columns represent the data connected with the time of the Russian Empire when it had the territory similar to modern Russia.
The third and the forth columns show the populous statistics of the Soviet Union.
The last two columns are devoted to modern demography.

How many people there are in Russia: nations

Nowadays there are more than 200 nations living in Russia.
The ethnic Russians constitute about 80% of the total population.
Scientists point out that the ethnic diversity of Russia was influenced by both birth and death rates, and migration. For example, the Armenian and Azerbaijani population became twice bigger in the period from 1989 to 2010. It is quite obvious that this change can be explained by a heavy migration.
The three largest ethnic groups living on the territory of Russia are the Russians, Tatars and Ukrainians. Here you can see their percentage rate of the total population of Russia (2010):


Where do the Russians live: cities and towns

Despite a large territory today’s population of Russia is mostly concentrated in towns and cities.
Here you can see how the balance between urban and rural population of Russia has changed over a century:


How many men there are in Russia

People often wonder how many men there are in Russia. Indeed, its male population is considerably smaller than the female one. Nowadays there are 10.7 million fewer men than women in Russia (2010). Furthermore, the correlation between male and female population in Russia becomes even more skewed. You can clearly see the trend in the chart below:


This situation can be explained by shorter male life expectancy, which is 62.8 years (the Russian State Statistics Committee 2009). As a result, the difference between male and female life expectancy in Russia reaches almost 12 years.

Tendencies to change the population structure in Russia

While population ageing is growing acuter around the globe, it is not so evident in Russia thanks to a constant migration inflow that is mostly formed by working-age people.
Besides, many senior people (more than a half of the total population) keep working after reaching retirement age. It increases the number of working people in comparison with retired population.
Thus, the growth of retired population in Russia by 1.5 million in the period from 2010 to 2012 is somehow compensated by the above-mentioned factors.
Mass media regularly post news on the possible raise of retirement age. Now it is 60 years for men and 55 years for women.

The data was taken from the Russian State Statistics Committee, Eurostat, China’s National Bureau of Statistics and the United Nations.

The first photo by Todd Prince

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