Omsk was founded nearly 300 years ago as a fortress, defending Siberia against the raids of nomads. The construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway ensured further development of the city. What are the points of interest in Omsk?
The Saint Dormition Cathedral
The Saint Dormition Cathedral by William (CC, flickr)
The Saint Dormition Cathedral in Omsk is a real masterpiece of the world architecture. Its foundation was laid by the last Russian Emperor Nicholas II in the 19th century. Bolsheviks had blown the cathedral to pieces, however later this gem of the Russian architecture was carefully reconstructed.
In spring go along the streets of Omsk and admire blooming peach-trees.
The wooden city centre
The wooden architecture of Omsk by William (CC, flickr)
The wooden architecture of Omsk, dated to the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, is distinguished by a great amount of elaborative carvings. Apart from their aesthetic purpose, these elements fulfilled a certain function and served as protection against cold.
While visiting Omsk, find the street… with only one house.
The Omsk prison, situated within the Omsk fortress (its ruins can be seen in the modern city centre), is famous for being a ward for the renowned Russian writer Fyodor Dostoevsky. He came to the fortress through the Tarskie Gates and went to hard labour with other prisoners through the Tobolskie Gates. Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s book “Notes from the Dead House” was inspired by these dramatic memories.
Omsk, along with Moscow and Saint Petersburg, possesses one of the thrones, belonged to the Russian royal family.
The children of Omsk
In 1942, the newspaper “Omskaya Pravda” published a letter from a small girl. Ada Zanegina wrote that she would like to give all her savings for the needs of the Soviet Army. In fact, she donated her money to the construction of a tank. Other children in Omsk followed her suit, and soon all the necessary money was collected. The tank participated in the Battle of Stalingrad. In 1943, in the Battle of Kursk it was punctured, and the crew got a new machine.
Not far from Omsk. Dalmatian pelicans
Dalmatian pelicans by Sergey Yeliseev (CC, flickr)
The northernmost population of the rarest Dalmatian pelicans lives on Lake Tenis (the largest group) and Lake Saltaim from April to mid-autumn. These lakes form the natural reserve “Pelikanie Ostrova” (“The Islands of Pelicans”), located in Krutinsky district.
Not far from Omsk. The Okunevo village
This village is known in Russia and other countries as a site of pilgrimage for fans of esoteric, who believe this territory to be the centre of the revived Vedic culture.
Not far from Omsk. Lake Ebeyte
This salt lake lies in the centre of an ancient tectonic basin – the deepest in the region. Lake Ebeyte is widely known for its desolate panoramas and valuable medicinal mud, which is used to treat rheumatism, radiculitis, skin diseases, stomach ulcer, scars and some other disorders.
How to get there
You are better to catch a plane – there are daily flights from Moscow. The flight takes around 4 hours.
If you decide to go by train on the Trans-Siberian Railway, it will take you nearly 2 days.
Visiting Omsk can become an exciting experience in a grand tour along the Trans-Siberian Railway, crossing the whole territory of Russia.