Top 23 facts about Oymyakon:
1. Oymyakon in Siberia is both a town (village), and the area around that town.
2. The pole of cold is located in the basin (valley) which is surrounded by bold hills.
3. The basin is an ice lens created by permafrost.
4. The climate here is distinctly continental.
5. The official recorded lowest temperature is -67.7 degrees Celsius.
6. In winter the temperature is typically about -50 degrees Celsius, warming is up to -40, and cooling is down to -60 and below.
7. The recorded official highest temperature in summer is +34.6 degrees Celsius (2010).
8. Normal temperature during a short summer is +10+15 degrees Celsius. And there may be significant daytime temperature differences.
9. Maximum temperature difference in Oymyakon in Siberia is more than 102 degrees Celsius.
10. In the summer the sun does not leave the sky for 21 hours, and in winter day light is only 3 hours, and most likely it’s not a day, but dusk.
11. Population of Oymyakon in Siberia is about 500 people.
12. Residents of the coldest town don’t just survive, they also work. Moreover, sometimes they work at temperatures lower than -50 degrees Celsius.
13. Residents believe that working in unimaginable conditions is a manifestation of the Siberian character.
14. It is difficult to imagine, but children there go to school at temperatures below -40 degrees Celsius.
15. Residents of the village are engaged in gold mining, and work in cargo transportation.
16. Many residents of Oymyakon in Siberia have cows and horses, and they put on the udders of cows special insulate cover – so that they didn’t catch cold.
17. Very low temperatures and extreme conditions of life and work lead to a serious stress on the body: people there retire at 35-40 years of age.
18. At low winter temperatures a person’s breathing immediately freezes up, and frozen steam falls on the ground with flaking pieces of ice.
19. Oymyakon is located at the dead-end of the old highway “Kolyma”, which is now out of service, and some bridges are absent. A trip to the Pole of cold is a real test.
20. In winter cars on the street are not turned off, otherwise you would not start them again until spring.
21. A special attention is paid to all communications. For example, a power outage will result in a full replacement of equipment in just a week.
22. Oymyakon in Siberia in any frost still nonfreezing streams – thanks to the hot springs.
23. On the streets in the cold horses, deer and dogs can survive.
The Coldest Place on Earth
Oymyakon is often called the coldest town on Earth, and not without reason. Other contenders for the title of the coldest placeon the planet, including Antarctica, were recorded at a considerable altitude. When their temperatures were reduced to the sea level, they don’t come close to Oymyakon. So yeah, Oymyakon in Siberia may be called the coldest place on the planet.
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