In Akhtubinsk area of the Astrakhan region (southern Russia), not far from the biggest river in Europe – the Volga River, there is the largest salt lake in Russia – an ancient lake Baskunchak.
The level of the ancient lake stands at minus 21.3 m below sea level.
The square area of the lake is 110 square km.
For 13-17 centuries now the lake has been a source of salt.
During the reign of Ivan IV the Terrible the lake was considered a place where very pure salt was extracted.
History of Lake Baskunchak
The lake is actually not a lake. In fact, lake is a body of water that has at least some runoff. And Baskunchak has no runoff. Basically, the lake Baskunchak is like a salty solution that lies in a small cavity on top of a salt mountain.
At one point there was an attempt to determine the depth of salt deposits. After a long drill to a depth of about 2.5 hundred meters, drilling was stoppeddue to high cost. Bedrock was never reached. The question of how high the salt mountain is, on top of which as a small cavity lies the lake Baskunchak, will be only answered in the future.
Day dreaming on the shores of an ancient lake Baskunchak
Lake Baskunchak has another unique feature – it property – it self-heals in 6 years.
If in the surrounding area, not very far from the dead lake, you dig a well – it will have fresh water.
Dead Sea and Lake Baskunchak
Ancient salt lake Baskunchak has sulphide silt mud, similar in action and composition to the mud of the Dead Sea. “Water” in lake Baskunchak – sodium chloride brine – contains a combination of macro-and micronutrients that promote rapid recovery.
There is a difference too. Above the lake Baskunchak the air is therapeutic with a high content of phytoncides.
Lake Baskunchak is called the largest salt shaker in Russia. The lake produces 80% of all Russian table salt.
фото 1 и 3 -фотобанк Лори