After the World War II almost immediately a cooling began between the former allies: the USSR and the USA, which was named in the U.S. the “Cold War.”
USSR, which invested the most effort in fighting the fascism, by the results of the war gained control over a large part of Europe. The United States hoping to gain a foothold in Europe as well, have suffered incomparably smaller losses in the war, and were eager for revenge.
In addition, the fact that U.S. had nuclear weapons, which the Soviet Union did not have at the time, was intoxicating; they felt that they could dictate their will to the whole world.
The result was the beginning of the conflict, which was called by the United States the “cold war“.
The Cold War and the Americans
Americans were really afraid of the USSR, and they believed that the USSR might use nuclear weapons.
Were there examples of nuclear aggression by the USSR? No, there were not. But they were not needed – propaganda (newspapers, TV) drew up a complete image of the Enemy.
Judge by Your own Standards
Indeed, how could one believe the USSR? The US has used nuclear weapons, so why the USSR could not do the same? A typical trap of false logic. Do you have a gun? So you will attack a neighbor. Just because your neighbor has already used his gun.
A simple American girl, frightened by propaganda, in the 1990s wrote a letter to Andropov (USSR), in which she asked him a direct question – is there going to be a war? Her letter was published in a major newspaper in the USSR.
Samantha Smith received a response from Andropov about peaceful intentions of the USSR. Andropov invited the girl with her parents to the USSR so she could get acquainted with the country and its people.
Samantha visited the Soviet Union. Over time, Samantha has become in the USSR a real symbol of peace in the world, and her name is known to every child of that time.
What is with the US Hatred Towards the USSR?
There was no hatred. In small circles, in which by the nature of their service it was natural, there might have been an attitude towards the US as a potential adversary. But this was not true for ordinary people.
Yes, the newspapers were filled with caricatures demonstrating the militaristic nature of U.S. actions.
Yes, Khrushchev had a slogan: “To catch up and outrun the United States” (although the same slogan existed in the United States as well).
But the Russian people had no hatred for the U.S. and ordinary Americans. And why would they – they were just ordinary people.
Maybe, there was just some lack of understanding as to why the Americans cannot see that socialism is better than capitalism? But it was their business.
And even the term “cold war” was not really used in the USSR; it was the invention of political scientists overseas.
And what was there? A dove of peace was there as the key symbol of that time.
Is the Cold War Over?
Gorbachev (USSR) initiated and signed with Reagan (USA) the agreement on disarmament. And he suggested many more peaceful initiatives. But strangely, many initiatives of Gorbachev disappeared from the political agenda of the West.
And later those peace initiatives were perceived as weakness and as a loss in the “cold war.” And if the USSR lost in the war, you must use a “winner’s right” – not to comply with agreements, not to respond to peace with peace.
It seems that the undeclared one-sided cold war was fought in the minds of people. And it is unfortunate that it has not ended yet.
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