1. The average annual temperature in Siberia over the past 100 years has risen by 1.6 degrees.
2. Meteorologists believe that the increase in Siberia temperature is due to a twofold increase in the frequency of natural disasters in the region, such as drought, heavy rains, wind gusts, severe floods and low-water rivers, and other natural disasters.
3. Warm weather in the Asian part of Russia leads to the emergence of new animals and insects in the region. A unique ecosystem of Siberia is endangered, particularly forests, which are the largest in the world.
4. Most severe frost in Siberia was recorded in one unusual place –the Russian pole of cold Oymyakon.
5. Recently, there was a sensation. On February 18, 2013 in Oymyakon (northern Siberia) was recorded a new record low – minus 71 degrees Celsius (-95.8 degrees Fahrenheit)! The previous record of minus 68 degrees Celsius (-90.4 degrees Fahrenheit) has held in this place since 1993. And even in such cold, the life in the district does not stop.
6. Over the years, summer temperatures in Siberia may be very different from the average, and in a big way. For example, in the summer of 1989, the temperatures for a long time held at + 30 degrees Celsius to + 35 and even up to + 40 degrees Celsius (86/95/104 degrees Fahrenheit). In 1999, in the southern Siberia in summer the temperature warmed up to +30 … +36 degrees Celsius (86…96.8 degrees Fahrenheit). The same situation was in 2005.
7. Siberia is divided into two parts that have different climates. Western Siberia (from the mountains of the Urals to the Yenisey River) has a continental climate. The coldest month is January, with the temperatures of -15 to -40 degrees Celsius (5…-40 degrees Fahrenheit). In the warmest summer month of July the temperature is +15 to +35 degrees Celsius (59…95 degrees Fahrenheit).
8. The second part of Siberia is East Siberia (from the Yenisey River to the Russian Far East).
9. The climate in Eastern Siberia is very severe, sharp continental. In January the temperature drops to -40 to -50 degrees Celsius (-40…-58 degrees Fahrenheit), and in the summer it is as hot as in Western Siberia.
10. Temperature fluctuations in Eastern Yakutia (Siberia’s region) reach … 100 degrees Celsius, and in the Russian pole of cold – up to 130 degrees Celsius (200 degrees Fahrenheit).
11. Sharply continental climate and low winter temperatures led to the formation of permafrost in Siberia, a layer of which can reach a depth from 5-10 to 600-800 meters. Hot summer thaws the soil to only 1 meter, creating countless puddles and swamps.
12. The average annual increase in temperature causes active melting of permafrost, which in turn produces methane. Methane, entering the atmosphere, is 21 times stronger than carbon dioxide, and it accelerates global warming. It creates a self-sustaining process.
Temperature anomalies – natural progression or errors of human activities?