Trans-Siberian Railway Russia


  1. In 1886, the Governor General of Irkutsk Alexey Ignatiev sent to St. Petersburg his justification of the urgent need of building a Siberian railway.
  2. In 1887 a decision to build a railway in Siberia was made and first survey works began.
  3. In 1891, work began on laying the railway line from both ends: from Chelyabinsk and Vladivostok.
  4. In 1893 the basic principles of construction were formulated: to build firmly and quickly but with possible cheapness. But cheapness gradually squeezed out the principle of “firmly”, which later, during the increase in traffic, required some additional work.
  5. Measures to save funds: reducing the width of the roadbed, reducing the thickness of the ballast layer or even getting rid of the ballast, lighter rails with a reduced service life, excessive angles at ascents and descents, which imposed certain speed restrictions for trains and qualifications of machinists. Bridges over rivers were allowed to be made of wood and station buildings were built without foundations, which later required additional infrastructure investments in Trans-Siberian Railway.
  6. At the same time, the construction of the railway line became a testing ground for new construction technologies: using electricity for drilling operations, special norms of explosives for new types of blasting works that greatly facilitatebuilding the railway track of the Trans-Siberian Railway.
  7. In 1894 the construction came from Chelyabinsk to Omsk – the first train was launched. In 1895 the railway reached the Ob River, the birthplace of the city of Novosibirsk.
  8. In 1898, the Trans-Siberian Railway already included a piece up to Irkutsk. In the same year the railway line reached Lake Baikal and … stopped for whole six years.
  9. In 1896-97 catastrophic floods washed away at least 400 kilometers of the Amur railway; many villages were destroyed.
  10. Only in 1990 traffic on the Trans-Baikal Railway was resumed.
  11. The portion of the Trans-Siberian Railway from Vladivostok to Khabarovsk (from the other end) was put into operation in 1899.
  12. The height of the mound, which was necessary, in the region of Krasnoyarsk reached 17 meters, and in the Trans-Baikal railway the height of the mound reached unimaginable 32 (!) meters.
  13. Unique Amur Bridge 2600 meters long, finished in 1916, was the last building on the Trans-Siberian Railway.
  14. Railway bridge over the Yenisei River in Krasnoyarsk was built taking into account the features of powerful ice flows of the Yenisei River. The bridge is 1 kilometer long. The distance between abutments reached 140 meters, the height of metal trusses – up to 20 meters. The construction was completed in 1899. At the World’s Fair (Paris, 1900) the bridge was awarded the Gold Medal (the same as the Eiffel Tower).
  15. Construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway was accompanied by creating of the cities and towns servicing the railway, which assumed building of train stations, depots, station buildings, houses, schools, colleges and even churches.
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