You’ve heard them, but do you know them?
Pyotr Tchaikovsky is the most famous Russian composer of the 19th century.
Creative work of Pyotr Tchaikovsky reached unprecedented heights in the world of classical music.
Pyotr Tchaikovsky was involved in music since childhood –he began playing the piano since he was five years old.
Pyotr Tchaikovsky was able to connect the heritage of classical music, Russian traditions and his own special view of music.
Artistic personality of Tchaikovsky could not be contained within a single musical genre, or within a single marriage, or within the same country.
It is difficult to single out one piece from the work of Russian composer.
Creative work of Tchaikovsky includes opera, ballet, symphony and chamber music.
Among them: the operas Eugene Onegin (1878), The Queen of Spades (1890) and others, the balletsSwan Lake (1877), Sleeping Beauty (1889), The Nutcracker (1892) and Slavic March (1876). Symphonies, suites, marches, concerts, piano works and chamber music.
P.I. Tchaikovsky. “The Nutcracker” Adagio / Capella Symphony Orchestra of St. Petersburg. Conductor – Alexander Chernushenko
Mikhail Glinka is the Russian composer of the first half of the 19thcentury. He is considered to be the founder of Russian classical music.
Growth of Glinka as composer was supported by close communication with Russian writers and poets – Alexander Pushkin, Vasily Zhukovsky, Alexander Griboyedov.
Glinka met with such composers as Bellini, Mendelssohn, Berlioz and others.
As a result, Mikhail Glinka was able to connect Russian traditions, Russian choral singing with accumulated classical and opera experience, which resulted in the creation of the opera “A Life for the Tsar” (1836).
M.I. Glinka. “A Life for the Tsar” (“Ivan Susanin”) – Hail! / Orchestra and Chorus of the Mikhailovsky Theatre. Conductor – Alexei Karabanov / State Hermitage Museum
Second opera – “Ruslan and Lyudmila” (1842) was accepted coldly by the audience at that time.
Interestingly, the “Patriotic Song” by Mikhail Glinka was the official anthem of the Russian Federation at the end of the 20thcentury.
Igor Stravinsky is one of the world’s most famous composers of the 20thcentury.
Stravinsky took private lessons from Russian composer Rimsky-Korsakov.
Igor Stravinsky began composing music already in adulthood. First works already led to a wide international recognition of the composer.
Stravinsky tried his hand at all possible musical forms and styles, yet at the same time as if rediscovering them anew in his creative work.
“All my life I speak Russian, my mentality is Russian. Maybe it is not immediately obvious in my music, but it is inherent in it, it is in its hidden nature. “
Russian period: ballets “The Firebird,” “Petrushka” and “Rite of Spring”, operas “The Nightingale” and “A Soldier’s Story” and others.
Neoclassical period: operas “Mavra”, “Oedipus the King”, “Persephone”, ballets “Apollo Musaget,” “Orpheus” and others.
Serial period: “In memory of Dylan Thomas”, ballet “Agon”, the choir «Canticum Sancrum», «Lamentations of the Prophet Jeremiah,” “Sermon, parable and prayer,” opera “The Flood” and others.
I.F. Stravinsky. “Petrushka”- Danse Russe, Chez Petrushka / Davide Cabassi, piano
Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov is a Russian composer of the second half of the 19thcentury.
Rimsky-Korsakov as a naval officer traveled all over the world.
He then became a member of the “Mighty Handful”, which studied the origins and traditions of Russian culture to be reflected in musical works.
The main thing in the creative workof Rimsky-Korsakov was opera. 15 operas cover Russian history and Russian fairy tales: Snow Maiden, Sadko, The Tale of Tsar Saltan, The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevronia, The Golden Cockereland others.
N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov. Opera “The Tale of Tsar Saltan” – “Flight of the Bumblebee” / Symphony Orchestra of Gnessin College. Conductor – Victor Lutsenko.
Dmitri Shostakovich is the Russian composer of the 20thcentury. His works are among the most frequently performed in the world.
His works represent an endless conflict: an internal conflict of a man, a conflict between a man and reality.
One of the most important works of the Russian composer – Seventh Symphony, Op. 60 “Leningrad” (1941). The first 3 parts were written by the composer in Leningrad, and Dmitri Shostakovich finished the symphony during evacuation.
The symphony was performed in the Philharmonic in sieged Leningrad (World War II) in 1942. The performance was broadcast throughout the whole besieged cityand made a very strong impression on people.
And not only on the residents of Leningrad. The symphony caused an explosion of emotions among the fascist forces surrounding Leningrad: “… then we realized that we will lose the war. We felt your strength that was able to overcome hunger, fear and even death…”
D. D. Shostakovich. Symphony No 7 in C major, Op 60. Allegretto, Moderato (poco allegretto), Adagio, Allegro non troppo / Mariinsky Theatre Symphony Orchestra. Conductor -Valery Gergiev