The left side of Varvarka Street
The left side of Varvarka Street begins with the Middle Trading Rows (1893) which border with Red Square. The Middle Trading Rows go further in the direction of Red Square and merge into the Upper Trading Rows (today they form the most-known shopping mall of Moscow – GUM).
The Middle Trading Rows were by the architect R. Klein who managed to preserve the functionality and the style of the old Kitay-gorod market.
The Middle Trading Rows
Behind the Middle Trading Rows there is the Merchant Court or the Old Merchant Court. It was being constantly rebuilt and expanded until the building was finished in 1830. The Italian architect Giacomo Quarenghi, the Russian architects S. Karin, I. Egotov and N. Selikhov are named among its creators. After Moscow was burnt down by Napoleon’s Army in 1812, the Merchant Court was renovated by the architect Joseph Bove.
During the reign of Ivan the Terrible stone trading rows were situated in the place of the modern building and they had been working for several centuries.
Some historians claim that sales were first introduced in the Moscow Merchant Court. Soon the tradition to sell out remaining goods at a discount spread out through the world.
The Merchant Court
If you go further, you will see the Merchant House of the famous merchant and manufacturer Morozov, the Merchant House “Barbar Court”, the Sales Office of the Morozovs (its upper floors were built during the Soviet times).
The Sales Office of the Morozovs
At the end of Varvarka Street there is the Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist which was rebuilt in 1741. The original cathedral dates back to the first half of the 17th century. One of its side altars is devoted to Clement (the Pope). Sometimes the cathedral is called Clement’s church. Today it is being renovated.
Fascinating items are currently exhibited in the Chambers of the Romanov boyars and the Old English Court that are worth seeing.