Vietnam had two successive difficult wars, and both of these wars were won by Vietnam: the liberation from the colonial oppression by France and the fight against American aggression.

When Was the First Vietnam War (War of Resistance)

After World War IIFrance was trying to restore its colonial influence in Indochina. Simply put, France was fighting with the national liberation movements of the countries of Indochina Peninsula. Particularly fierce resistance to colonial troops came from the citizens of Vietnam.

The beginning of Indochina War was in September of 1945, when the advancement of free forces of Vietnam was suppressedby the military forces of France and the UK. China, which initially followed in the footsteps of American policy, soon began together with the Soviet Union assisting Vietnam in its fight for independence. Additionally, Laos was helping Vietnam – through its territory ran the legendary Ho Chi Minh trail.

Despite the active assistance of the US in the war against Vietnam –according to some estimates in the final stage of the war the United States was financing up to 80% of the military budget – France was defeated by Vietnamese troops. Geneva Agreements in July of 1954 completed the colonial war of France. It was planned to divide the country into two parts (North and South Vietnam), and in 1956 –to hold general elections and reunite the country. Well, if everything was that easy in life.

When Was the Second Vietnam War (Liberation or American War)

The United States invested in France, but France did not succeed. So, the US pushed France aside. In 1955 the US-backed military coup takes place, and pro-French Vietnamese emperor is removed and in his place was put a pro-American dictator who builds a typical tyranny (full censorship, prison for the discontented and so on).

Gradually, in South Vietnam an underground movement against tyrannyis gaining strength. In 1959, North Vietnam decides to support South Vietnam in the fight against tyrannyand in 1960 a unified National Liberation Front of South Vietnam is formed.

At first, the guerrillas were just gaining experience and were not taking serious action.

In 1961, the United States throws first helicopter troops to South Vietnam – the head count of United States military forces in Vietnam tripled.

The situation became aggravated. Government of South Vietnam was occupied by political strife by organizing another coup every few months performing another coup, while the United States were sending more and more soldiers to South Vietnam and North Vietnam more and more boldly supported the liberation movement in South Vietnam. In 1964, North Vietnam was already sending to the south regular army units, and not just advisers.

In 1965, the “peaceful” American President Lyndon B. Johnson immediately after the election ordered to begin the intervention in Vietnam. By the end of the year the head count of the United States Army in Vietnam reached 185,000 people. And at peak periods of the war it was increased to up to 540,000 people.

Napalm bombing by the United States Army in Vietnam:

A combination of superior military organization of North Vietnam, a heavy blow to the United States Air Force (more than 3 300 aircrafts were shot down) with active assistance to Vietnam of weapons and advisers from the USSR, economic aid to Vietnam from China, disintegration of the American army because of the senselessness and unfairness of war, war crimes by the United States Army, mass antiwar protests in the US and Europe, all led to the signing in 1973of the Paris Agreements – withdrawal of American troops from South Vietnam.

Soviet pilot P. Isaev in the cockpit of his fighter jet, airport Noi Bai, Vietnam

Soviet pilot P. Isaev in the cockpit of his fighter jet, airport Noi Bai, Vietnam / Interregional public organization of veterans of the Vietnam War (USSR/ Russia)

By 1975, North Korean forces finally defeated the South Korean forces and united Vietnam.


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