Q3: How did World War II change the world?

Berlin 1945 2010

Berlin 1945/ 2010. By Sergey Larenkov

World War II drastically changed the world. To be more precise, some respondents mentioned that the world had remained the same but the balance of forces got skewed.

Among the major results of World War II the following aftermaths can be named:

  1. The division of the world into three parts: Communist countries, pro-Western countries and neutral countries shifting away from any political blocs.
  2. The division of Europe into two principal parts.
  3. The U.S. economic recovery after the Great Depression and its improved performance on the world arena.
  4. The rise of two superpowers the US and the USSR, which became the leaders of the Western and the Communist blocs, correspondingly.
  5. The empowerment of the USSR, which caused a fear in the pro-Western world, and the unleashing of the Cold War by the US and Great Britain against their ex-ally USSR.
  6. The use of nuclear weapons by the US against Japan and the destruction of two Japanese cities (unprecedented example of nuclear violence in the human history), which resulted in nuclear arms race after the end of World War II.
  7. The beginning of national liberation struggles in many European colonies.
  8. The birth of the United Nations Organization. However, respondents notice that the UN mission has failed in preventing wars, violence and death.


The readers of ToDiscoverRussia.com did a great job answering the poll questions and showed impressive knowledge of World War II!

Provisos and restrictions

We are fully aware of all shortcomings of this poll since it is not statistical.

However, the poll has proved to be extremely useful for making hypotheses.

Some provisos are given below.

  • We have traced a certain correlation between the website topics and the answers of respondents. As our website ToDiscoverRussia.com is dedicated to Russia all respondents are clearly interested in this country and more likely they are better informed about its history.
  • Supposedly, the most active respondents of the poll were the residents of those countries, which played a major role in World War II.
  • Moreover, well-educated people and people, whose relatives participated in World War II, are more likely to become pollees.

The poll accuracy

The poll representativeness: the structure of pollees in accordance with their resident countries generally correlates with the structure of the visitors of the website ToDiscoverRussia.com:

The structure of the visitors of the website ToDiscoverRussia.com in accordance with their resident countries

The structure of the visitors of the website ToDiscoverRussia.com in accordance with their resident countries

The verification of IP addresses

After the poll had already started, we were surprised to find out that the survey online system Surveymonkey saved the IP addresses of respondents. It gave us an opportunity to compare the indicated countries with their real IP addresses. It turned out that the bulk of respondents answered the poll questions from their home countries.

Several respondents took part in the poll from foreign countries while seemingly being on a tourist trip. Their answers coincided with the answers of their countrymen. This fact has confirmed our conclusions.

Getting answers from ex-Soviet republics

We faced some difficulties with getting answers from ex-Soviet republics but managed to solve them quickly and efficiently by creating a mirror poll in Russian.


We took a liberty to include the answer of one German respondent (the respondent indicated this particular country and his IP address confirmed this data) in Russian group since the answer was written in Russian and its content coincided with other answers from Russia. We do not strive to learn one’s place of residence. Our liberty is motivated by a strong wish to understand the cultural background in various countries and its influence on the respondents’ answers.

UPD Number of deaths in the WW2 per country

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